The vehicle-to-grid (V2G) demonstration project at Los Angeles Air Force Base uses a non-tactical fleet of 34 light- and medium- duty plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles (PEVs/PHEVs) and their bi-directional charging stations to provide normal daily vehicle capabilities, and reliability to the grid. The vehicles use the grid to recharge the batteries, and the battery-stored energy on board the vehicles becomes an available power grid asset.
This venture represents the first large-scale, market-integrated project to demonstrate full V2G capability, which allows PEV/PHEV owners to earn revenue by making stored energy available to the power grid.
Following the V2G demonstration, some batteries will be removed from the PEVs/PHEVs to evaluate and quantify potential impacts to the batteries from V2G operational cycles and to predict potential long-term impacts. This analysis will provide real-world data on the viability of V2G cost for PEVs/PHEVs, and fill gaps in understanding the potential impacts of V2G operations on PEV/PHEV batteries.
Demonstrating the value of energy storage to provide:
- Renewable integration
- Ancillary services
Type of Technology
Lithium Ion – An energy-storage chemistry that is common in consumer electronics. Lithium-Ion batteries are also growing in popularity in electric vehicles and grid storage applications.
- Power Capacity Ratings: 5 vehicles at 50 kW and 29 at 15 kW
- Energy Capacity Rating: Total Battery Capacity = 996 kWh
- Type of Energy Storage: A 34-vehicle fleet with various lithium ion battery types: lithium iron magnesium phosphate, lithium iron phosphate, lithium manganese oxide
- As of mid-May 2015, 20 vehicles are on base and 20 charging stations are installed.
Key Developers and Partners
LA Air Force Base's successful deployment of the V2G technology is a result of collaborations among more than 40 public-private organizations including:
- National laboratories
- Private industry energy providers
- Multiple federal, state, and local public agencies
Energy Commission Funding